Sunday, March 31, 2013

Potassium: the definitive guide for kidney disease pt2

Read first part here: Potassium-the-definitive-guide-pt1

What Potassium Levels can cause in Kidney Disease

Ordinarily the physique can take in, assimilate, and utilise potassium til its heart’s content material, and then when completed, excrete this life giving mineral out by way of the urine. Easy. However when you could have chronic kidney disease, this can POSSIBLY change. For loads of kidney disease sufferers, just like the myriad of other substances the body could as soon as excrete through the kidneys and urine (creatinine, uric acid, and metabolic wastes), potassium can not move throughout the filtering membrane within the kidneys nephrons, and cross over into the urine collection “funnels” (renal pelvis) that eventually result in the bladder. And due to this incapacity to “cross-over” and be eradicated, the potassium ranges increase inside the blood and open the body up to many well being problems.

Consequences of High Potassium Levels:

  • Kidney failure
  • Paralysis
  • Renal necrosis
  • Convulsions
  • Heart arrhythmia
  • Diarrhoea
  • Depression
  • Tingling
  • Dehydration
  • Mental confusion
  • Adrenal exhaustion
  • Weakness
  • Fever
But this is not always like this. In reality a LOT of kidney disease patients have regular potassium levels Which makes me think this:

In which cases you shouldn't listen the doctor

Therefore the most important you can do for yourself when treating this situation is to develop into aware, hearken to your physique, and track and monitor your blood work like you were a doctor.
This is ONLY manner you will know who to hearken to.
All too usually I discover docs are advising their shoppers incorrectly, and potassium is likely one of the commonest.
It has develop into a ‘throw away’ prescription: “You have kidney? Oh, then you will need to keep away from potassium and go on a low potassium food regimen.” But this is so not true as you've got seen. You only need to reduce potassium levels when you have high potassium levels.
Remember potassium is necessary, so eat potassium meals freely till your blood work says otherwise.

How to reduce potassium level in kidney disease

OK, you have waited long sufficient, you have high potassium levels and also you need to know what to do about it.
Firstly it is all about consuming the correct amount of potassium. You can't completely avoid potassium, nor that you simply want to, so it is a good suggestion to know the rules on consuming the correct amount of potassium in your stage of kidney disease; in different words, eat a low potassium weight-reduction plan.
Typically the advisable day by day allowance for potassium in a wholesome individual is 2 to 5 grams a day (some establishments state four.7 grams a day).
In kidney disease this changes relying in your stage of kidney disease…

Low Potassium Diet: Potassium Recommendations
• Kidney Disease Stages 1 to 2 (eGFR of 60 to 90+): 2 to 5g a day
• Kidney Disease Stages 3 to 4 (eGFR of 20 to 60): 2 to 4g a day
• Kidney Disease Stages 4 to 5 (eGFR of 5 to 20): No more than 2 to 2.5g a day
Remember the above is only a rough guide, so if you have very high levels and you are in only stage 1 or 2 kidney disease then it is prudent to eat a low potassium diet to match your blood potassium levels.
What is a safe level of potassium in my blood?
A better way to eat a low potassium diet is in accordance with your blood potassium levels.
Potassium Reference Range
• Low Range: less than 3.5 mEq/L
• Safe range: 3.5 – 5.5 mEq/L
• Unsafe range: 5.6 – 6.0 mEq/L
• Dangerous: more than 6.0 mEq/L

Normal serum potassium levels are 3.5 to 5.5 mEq/L (though some labs quote a reference range of 3.5 to 5.0), and so if you are slightly over that, try eating no more than 4 grams a day of potassium. If it is at a level of say, 6.0 to 7.0, you definitely not be eating more than 2 grams a day until your high potassium levels have been corrected.
Although this can be a challenge, eating a low potassium diet is probably the easiest, and single most important way to reduce blood potassium levels – so it is definitely worth the effort.
If you want to know this topic better, I suggest you to read the last book from the Naturopath Duncan Capicchiano: The Kidney Disease Solution Program

In the last part  we're going to see how to choose the right foods for a healthy kidney diet.

Saturday, March 16, 2013

Potassium: the definitive guide for kidney disease pt1

potassium kidney diseaseLet’s immediately clarify one thing: you NEED potassium, even in kidney disease diet. Further to that, you do not need to run for the hills if a sure meals has high potassium levels. Eating a well balanced food regimen stuffed with vegatables and fruits is a GOOD thing, and should even aid you reverse your kidney disease…

 Confused as a result of it goes towards every little thing you have learn and have been informed? Don’t be, there may be good purpose, and I’ll do my best to explain…

 The goal of this article: to dispel the mis-conceptions round decreasing potassium in kidney disease; element easy to comply with steps on the best way to lower potassium ranges naturally by way of weight loss plan and different strategies; to educate you on all issues potassium, so the subsequent time you might be in front of your doctor you possibly can keep up, and possibly even educate him or her a factor or two.

Why Do I Need Potassium in a Kidney Disease Diet? 

 If you are new to this blog, it is very important know that before I start to get too deep into subject matter, I like first to carry it back a little so I can talk about the basics. This gives you a good frame work to understand some of the principles that I talk about, and lets you make better judgment calls once I, or your physician, says one thing. This means that you can be in command of your health. The way it should be, sure?


What is potassium?

  • Potassium at its most basic stage is a smooth silvery-white metallic (mineral), sharing a really related chemical construction to sodium. Behind only to calcium and phosphorus, it is the most ample of all the minerals totalling 225 grams of your body weight – that’s the weight of the palm of your hand.
  • Potassium is also called an ‘electrolyte’, due to its capacity to be electrically conductive. An necessary feature in the human body, contemplating you and I are a community of electrical pulses.
  • Potassium naturally occurs in nature, and is discovered present in many foods (see additional on for a list of foods).
  • Potassium is 19th on the periodic desk (K is the chemical symbol for Potassium in Latin)
  • Fact: 1/three of the physique’s total energy is required to carry the situation of potassium and sodium in and round our cells.
  • Note: Normal serum potassium levels are: three.5 and 5.5 mEq/L (reference vary)


Why do I need potassium?

Our body depends on this mineral for its survival… no potassium, no humans. Amazingly by our evolution we have utilized the earth from which we now have sprung to hold out and permit certain capabilities to occur in the physique. You could have heard that potassium is sweet for the center, good for muscle contractions, and therefore good for reducing blood strain, and even that it's beneficial in nerve conduction. All of that are true, but there may be so much more that this mineral does for you.

Here is a list of other things that Potassium does for you health:

  • Helps to thin the blood
  • Increases secretion of hormones: ADH, FSH and aldosterone
  • Maintains water/fluid balance
  • Eye health
  • Regulates pH balance
  • Regulates blood sugar
  • Regulates cell permeability
  • Aids protein synthesis
  • Acts as a capacitor within our cells to store energy
In addition, here is a list of symptoms that may occur in case of Potassium deficiency  

  • Kidney damage (I know that this may seem unexpected)
  • Lung problems
  • Metabolic acidosis
  • Thirst
  • Joint and bone pain
  • Tachycardia
  • Fatigue
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Mental confusion
  • Bone fragility
  • Muscle weakness
  • Constipation
  • Edema
  • Abnormal heart beat
  • Headaches
  • Paralysis
  • Insomnia
  • Death
So I think that we can assume that you need potassium, even if you suffer from chronic kidney disease. 

If you want to know this topic better, I suggest you to read the last book from the Naturopath Duncan Capicchiano: The Kidney Disease Solution Program
In the next part we're gonna see how to manage potassium levels in a balanced kidney disease diet.

Wednesday, March 6, 2013

How to know when you need to start Kidney Dialysis?

If I actually have kidney disease CKD, when will I need to start dialysis?
In the early phases of chronic kidney disease (CKD), you do not want dialysis. The levels of chronic kidney disease can last for many years. But if your kidneys fail, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant to keep you alive

kidney dialysis machine

 How to tell when you need to start Kidney Dialysis?

The decision to initiate dialysis in a patient with chronic kidney disease (CKD) involves the consideration of subjective and objective parameters by the physician and the patient. There is not any absolute laboratory values that point out a requirement to start kidney dialysis for CKD. The determination is partly primarily based on the affected person’s notion of his or her high quality of life and anxiousness about beginning a fancy, probably life-lengthy remedy, In addition, the nephrologist’s notion concerning the patient’s state of well being, decline of kidney function, and potential hazards of therapy affect the timing of initiation of renal replacement therapy. In quick, the choice of when to start kidney dialysis is clearly some of the troublesome selections that each the patient and the nephrologist should make. This subject opinions the medical indications for the initiation of persistent kidney dialysis

There are various scientific indications to start dialysis in patients with chronic kidney disease

  • Pericarditis or pleuritis (urgent indication)
  • Progressive uremic encephalopathy or neuropathy, with signs such as confusion, asterixis, myoclonus, wrist or foot drop, or, in severe cases, seizures (urgent indication)
  • A clinically significant bleeding diathesis attributable to uremia (urgent indication)
  • Persistent metabolic disturbances that are refractory to medical therapy; these include hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, hypercalcemia, hypocalcemia, and hyperphosphatemia
  • Fluid overload refractory to diuretics
  • Hypertension poorly responsive to antihypertensive medications
  • Persistent nausea and vomiting
  • Evidence of malnutrition
The first 5 of the above indications are acutely life-threatening and should not be allowed to develop prior to initiation of dialysis in sufferers with known CKD under medical care. The last two develop more insidiously and can be as a consequence of different comorbidities or drug results. They aren't any less harmful.

Sunday, March 3, 2013

Kidney diet for CKD and kidney dialysis patients

You need a kidney helpful diet regime when you have chronic kidney disease or kidney failure. Watching what you take in and drink will help you keep healthier. This area of our web site provides basic data about the kidney friendly diet program.

kidney diet

Maintain in brain that diet regime demands differ from individual to person, based on measurement, exercise, phase of kidney disease and other well being issues. Speak to a renal dietitian, somebody who specializes in the kidney-friendly diet regime, to find a food prepare that satisfies your needs.

Why is diet plan essential for kidney patients?

What you take in has an effect on your well being. A well balanced diet regime, reduced in excess fat and salt, can assist you management your blood sugar and keep a healthful blood pressure. A wholesome diet could also assist gradual down kidney illness.

Dependent on your phase of kidney condition, you may possibly also need a kidney-pleasant diet program. This diet program goes a action additional. It limits specified minerals in the foodstuff you consume. This aids hold waste from constructing up in your blood and might assist stop other well being issues.

We'€™ll start by reviewing the fundamentals of a healthful diet plan. Then, we'€™ll take a search at the kidney-pleasant diet plan and some useful kidney-helpful sources.
Healthier Diet regime Fundamentals

All diet programs, which includes the kidney-pleasant diet plan, want to just take into account some of the exact same issues, like:

Excess fat


Your body will get energy from the energy you eat and drink. Energy arrive from the protein, carbohydrates and body fat in your diet program. How several calories you want relies upon on your age, sex, dimensions and activity stage. You could also need to have to change how many energy you eat dependent on your health considerations.

Some men and women will need to limit the calories they take in. Other individuals could want to have far more calories. Your dietitian can assist you figure out how many energy you require each and every working day. Perform with your dietitian to make a food plan that aids you get the right volume of energy.


Protein is a single of the constructing blocks of your human body. Your entire body demands protein to grow, recover and continue to be healthful. Having way too little protein can trigger your pores and skin, hair and nails to be weak. But getting also a lot protein can also be a difficulty. To stay healthier and aid you truly feel your ideal, you may possibly require to change how much protein is in your diet plan.

The quantity of protein you ought to have is dependent on your dimensions, activity degree and stage of kidney condition.

If you have kidney condition but are not on dialysis, doctors might advocate that you limit how significantly protein you consume. This is because eating plans very high in protein can make the kidneys operate harder and may possibly result in far more harm.

When you are on dialysis, you could need to have to take in more protein. This is due to the fact you will shed some protein in the course of your treatment options.
Ask your medical professional or dietitian how considerably protein you ought to have. Your dietitian can support you make a food plan that assists you get the appropriate amount of protein.


Carbs  are the easiest sort of power for your body to use. Healthful sources of carbs incorporate entire grains, fruits and greens. Other sources of carbs consist of sugar, honey, hard candies and sugary beverages.

Some carbohydrates are large in potassium and phosphorus, which you might require to restrict relying on your stage of kidney condition. You might also want to look at your carbs cautiously if you have diabetes. Your dietitian can help you discover a lot more about the carbs in your diet program.


You require some body fat in your diet plan to remain healthier. Unwanted fat gives you vitality, retains you heat and helps you use some of the vitamins in your meals. But too significantly unwanted fat can guide to bodyweight gain and heart condition. Try to limit excess fat in your diet plan, and choose more healthy fat when you can.

Much healthier body fat or €œgood€ excess fat is named unsaturated body fat. Illustrations of unsaturated body fat incorporate:

Olive oil
Vegetable oils

Unsaturated fat can aid reduce cholesterol. If you require to gain bodyweight, attempt to try to eat much more unsaturated excess fat. If you want to drop fat, limit the unsaturated body fat in your diet program. As often, moderation is the essential. As well much €good€ unwanted fat can also lead to issues.

Saturated excess fat, also acknowledged as €œbad fat, can elevate your cholesterol and place you at danger for heart illness. Examples of saturated fats are:

Some meats

Limit these in your diet plan. Pick healthier, unsaturated fat as an alternative. Trimming the body fat from meat and getting rid of the skin from hen or turkey can also assist restrict saturated unwanted fat.


Sodium (salt) is a mineral discovered in nearly all food items. As well a lot sodium can result in inflammation, make you thirsty, and increase your blood stress. This can damage your kidneys more and make your coronary heart operate harder.

A single of the best items that you can do to stay wholesome is to restrict how a lot sodium you consume. To limit sodium in your diet program:

Do not incorporate salt to your food when cooking or ingesting. Consider cooking with fresh herbs, lemon juice or other spices.
Decide on fresh or frozen veggies as an alternative of canned greens. If you do use canned greens, rinse them before ingesting or cooking with them to remove further salt.
Shop for things that say €œreduced-sodium€ or €œlow-sodium. Keep away from processed foods like frozen dinners and lunch meats.

How is a kidney-friendly diet program different?

When your kidneys are not functioning as effectively as they must, they may possibly allow waste and fluid develop up in your body. Above time, the waste and added fluid can result in coronary heart, bone and other wellness problems. A kidney-helpful diet restrictions how considerably of specific substances and fluid you just take in. This can aid hold the waste and fluid from constructing up and triggering difficulties.

How strict your diet regime should be is dependent on your phase of kidney illness. In the early levels of kidney illness, you could have little or no restrictions on what you try to eat and consume. As your kidney ailment receives worse, you may possibly need to limit your:


Potassium is a mineral discovered in nearly all food items. Your human body requirements some potassium to make your muscle tissues function, but also significantly potassium can be dangerous. When your kidneys are not operating properly, your potassium level could be as well high or way too low. Having way too much or way too tiny potassium can lead to muscle cramps, irregular heartbeat and muscle mass weak point.

A lot of men and women with kidney disease or kidney failure need to have to limit potassium. Request your dietitian if you want to limit potassium.


Phosphorus is a mineral located in a lot of meals. It performs with calcium and vitamin D to hold bones healthy. Wholesome kidneys hold the right equilibrium of phosphorus in your entire body. When your kidneys are not working effectively, phosphorus can develop up in your blood. Too significantly phosphorus in your blood can lead to weak bones that crack simply.

Numerous men and women with kidney disease need to have to limit phosphorus. Ask your dietitian if you want to limit phosphorus.

Dependent on your stage of kidney illness, your medical doctor may possibly also prescribe a medicine referred to as a phosphate binder. This assists to preserve phosphorus from constructing up in your blood. A phosphate binder can be valuable, but you will nonetheless require to watch how a lot phosphorus you try to eat. Request your medical doctor if a phosphate binder is right for you.

You require drinking water to reside, but when you have kidney illness, you may possibly not need to have as much. This is since destroyed kidneys do not get rid of further fluid as well as they ought to. As well much fluid in the entire body can be unsafe. It can lead to large blood pressure, swelling and coronary heart failure. Extra fluid can also develop up close to your lungs and make it difficult to breathe.

Depending on your stage of kidney ailment and your treatment method, your physician could notify you to limit your fluid. If your medical doctor tells you this, you will require to minimize back on how significantly you drink. You might also need to lower back on some food items that include a good deal of h2o. Soups or food items that soften, like ice, ice cream and gelatin, have a great deal of drinking water. Several fruits and greens are higher in water, way too.

Question your dietitian if you require to restrict fluids.

If you do need to have to limit your fluids you may possibly really feel thirsty. To assist you quench your thirst, you may attempt to:

Chew gum
Drink from small cups
Rinse your mouth
Suck on a piece of ice, mints or difficult candy (Bear in mind to select sugar free sweet if you have diabetes.)

What about nutritional vitamins?

A kidney-pleasant diet program might make it challenging to get all of the natural vitamins and minerals you require. To assist you get the proper stability of vitamins and minerals, your dietitian could advise a unique complement made for people with kidney condition.

Your dietitian may possibly also suggest a particular kind of vitamin D, folic acid, or iron capsule, to help steer clear of some frequent aspect results of kidney illness, like bone condition and anemia.

Typical multi-vitamins could not be healthier for you if you have kidney disease. They may possibly have too significantly of some nutritional vitamins and not ample of other folks. Talk to your dietitian to locate vitamins that are appropriate for you.
What if I have diabetes and kidney condition?

Diabetic issues is the leading trigger of kidney failure. Diabetes can also hurt other elements of your entire body, like your eyes and coronary heart. If you have diabetic issues, you will require to view your blood sugar and diet plan to stay healthful. Function with your dietitian to make a kidney-helpful food program that aids you keep your blood sugar in handle.

Friday, March 1, 2013

Organic food and kidney diet: are they better for the healt of kidneys?

Natural and organic fruit and veggies look to be a cleaner and greener foodstuff decision, but does selecting organic and natural actually provide any wellness positive aspects for your kidneys? For years, the analysis on whether or not organic and natural foods are much better for you has vacillated. I have noticed scientific studies that demonstrated getting organic and natural foods helps make definitely no benefit to human overall health, while nevertheless nevertheless there are reports that demonstrate organic food items are substantially higher in antioxidants, natural vitamins, minerals, even though also being reduce in pesticides and bacteria. In one particular certain examine that often stayed with me, experts in Spain discovered that organic and natural strawberries experienced 76% a lot more vitamin C than non-organic and natural strawberries. Taking into consideration that several folks try to eat strawberries for their high vitamin C and antioxidant amounts, it'€™s good to know. Just lately, even though, Stanford College arrived alongside and burst the bubble of natural and organic foodies everywhere. Soon after hunting at a whopping 223 scientific studies on organic and natural foods, the boys (and girls) at Standford University concluded that there was minor distinction in the nourishment of natural vs. non-natural and organic foods. With two exceptions — phosphorus and omega-three. (preserve reading through if you want to know why it is critical to go natural and organic).

Are High Phosphorus Levels Dangerous for kidneys?

Some corners have expressed worry that organic fruits and vegetables are higher in phosphorus than their non-organic and natural counter-elements. And it is real a higher phosphorus ingestion can be hazardous in some circumstances the place chronic kidney disease is current. But you have to just take it into point of view. There is whole lot much more phosphorus from carbonated beverages than from organic and natural greens, not to mention the phosphorus existing in specified food preservatives, meats and dairy. Natural and organic fruits and veggies have a assortment of nutritional vitamins, minerals, fibre, h2o, and antioxidants — all advantageous issues if you are hunting after the health of your kidneys. If you are struggling from a late-phase kidney difficulty, are presently on dialysis, or have been warned by your medical professional about your phosphorus intake, then it is good to continue to be on leading of what is large in phosphorus and what is not. But the scientists from Stanford University verified, the enhance in phosphorus in organic and natural meals was apparent, but not clinically significantly — meaning, it is not likely to influence human health.

Omega-3 — a kidney Panacea?

Omega-3 would seem to fix just about every little thing these times, doesn'€™t? It does matter if you have a broken bone or a migraine omega-three is the response. Even though fruits and greens do not incorporate significantly in the way of omega-3, other resources, such as totally free variety eggs and wild fish, are excellent resources of omega-three. A handful of years in the past scientists noticed that free of charge assortment eggs were a lot more healthy than conventional eggs from caged hens. Free assortment eggs ended up larger in omega-3, omega-six, vitamin E, A and antioxidants. A much more assorted diet plan consisting of seeds, weeds, grass and bugs is very likely the result in. This is not just significant for youngsters with eczema it has an effect on grown ups with kidney problems as well. Research demonstrate that omega-3 supports a wide variety of kidney issues. More mature older people in Italy with the greatest levels of omega-3 in the blood experienced the cheapest creatinine clearance levels. Omega-3 nutritional supplements are also recognized to stop pores and skin issues linked with dialysis, and to reduce protein in the urine in patients with nephropathy. So, if you are looking to protect your kidneys with omega-three, it may possibly shell out to achieve for that minor little bit dearer brand of free-range eggs next time you are in the supermarket.

Pesticide Residues and Kidney Health

Organic fruits and greens have 30% considerably less pesticide residues. So what? Several kinds of pesticides, including DDT and dioxin which are even now current in the environment, are absorbed into human unwanted fat cells, and remain stored there for years, if not decades. No one particular but fully is aware of the consequences of multiple varieties of pesticide interacting with each other inside of the human human body. Males and women exposed to pesticides by way of their work, this kind of as staff on seasonal farms or in chemical plants, have demonstrated in scientific studies to have impairment of the two liver and kidney function. A variety of reports have already connected environmental pesticides in the entire body with an enhanced risk of variety II diabetes, coronary heart disease, neurological condition and being overweight. And you know what? Probably a lot more data and study is nonetheless required, but I do not expect to see a study anytime shortly outlining how the pesticides on our apples and strawberries are very good for

Where To Go From here?

Natural food items are way much more high-priced to acquire than typical foodstuff, which is prohibiting for a whole lot of folks. If you are struggling from kidney troubles, it is important to get what measures you can to reduce publicity to environmental toxic compounds. If you really don't feel you can take in natural 100% of the time, then emphasis on some of the “dirty dozen,” as labelled by the Environmental Functioning Group in the United states of america. At the moment the dirty dozen list involves (in descending get) apples, celery, sweet bell peppers, peaches, strawberries, nectarines, grapes, spinach, lettuce, cucumbers, blueberries and potatoes. These food items have more pesticide residues than other people (recognize strawberries in the top five!), so taking a search at this record will give you a good area to get started your journey in direction of organic living.